The avalanche of requests to increase wind power in Galicia has caused a wave of protests. According to calculations by the Economic Vice Presidency, before establishing a moratorium on the receipt of new projects, 7,000 megawatts were processed in the Community. But the Galician Wind Association (EGA) insists that not all the parks will be built. At a press conference in Santiago this morning, the president of the sector's employers' association, Manuel Pazo, lowered the megawatts that they really aspire to install by 2030 to 2,500. At a rate of 400-500 megawatts per year, the sector calculates that they should rise a hundred mills a year. At the end of the period there would be 60 new sites, which until now do not have wind turbines.
EGA presented the study of the economic and social impact of the wind energy sector in Galicia, with data from the year 2020. Its president claimed not to understand "the conflict" that exists around renewable energies and specifically wind energy. “We have had practically no installation for three years,” he stressed. This paralysis of the sector, he pointed out, is noticeable in the job numbers. "We lose 1,600 jobs a year dedicated to the construction of parks," he stressed. It is one of the main conclusions of the study carried out by the consulting firm Deloitte. The report estimates that the wind sector generated a total of 5,435 jobs in Galicia in 2020, of which 3,484 were direct and 1,951 were indirect. In 2019 the figure reached 7,022.
In a context of energy prices that exceed 200 euros per megawatt, EGA recalls that wind power is paid at 28 euros, "almost 10 times less". In addition to economic reasons, the employers put forward environmental arguments. “We are very concerned about climate change,” Pazo insisted. According to the Deloitte study, Galician wind turbines avoided the emission of 5.2 million CO2 into the atmosphere in 2020 and the import of 1.9 million equivalent tons of oil. "Each mill saves six million euros a year from importing natural gas," the president of EGA deepened.
Galicia currently has 187 wind farms spread throughout its geography. According to Enrique Doheijo, responsible for the study, in 2020 they generated 54% of all electricity consumption in the Community. It is the fourth autonomous community, behind Castilla y León, Aragón and Castilla La Mancha with the highest installed power (3,851 MW in 2020), but the third that generates the most energy (9,992 GW). Wind power is already the first source of electricity generation with a percentage of 39.5% of the total.