Zeitz: Zeitz mayor in the postwar period: An entrepreneur in the KPD

For the expansion of his business knowledge, he went to the commercial College. Since 1920, the skilled businessman and engineer who lived at Zeitz, and was on

Zeitz: Zeitz mayor in the postwar period: An entrepreneur in the KPD

For the expansion of his business knowledge, he went to the commercial College. Since 1920, the skilled businessman and engineer who lived at Zeitz, and was on business for the company Hubert Feiner on the road in Europe, to export, to negotiate orders. More than 20 years, namely until June 1945, he was in charge of this operation, the employees in his best time up to 150 workers, self-employed as a Director.

Inseparable from his biography

Inseparably connected with his biography the Name of this company has played under city, in the development of the Zeitz stroller industry, an important role is therefore associated. The first, only rims, wheels, and since the early 1930s, "Olympia-stroller" manufacturing company Hubert Feiner had been founded by his father. Established had the company for stroller components since 1910 on the property To the containers 22.

up to this point The 56-year-old Hubert Fine had the car after the death of the entrepreneur Bruno Zieger its "factory for children-components", better known as "storm-wind Bicycle works", purchased and now in Zeitz, Germany until his death lived. Already before the outbreak of the world economic crisis of 1929 the company Hubert Feiner developed in addition to the Bescherer's factory to the most important of its kind in Zeitz, because it racks as part of the subcontracting industry of wheels and metal for the thriving children's production cars ever made.

in 1936, had had married Herbert Fine, the 21 years younger, Clerk, Gertrud Landmann married

in 1936, Herbert Fine, the 21 years younger, Clerk, Gertrud Landmann (1914-1992). Belonged to his family since April 1944, permanently of him and his wife adopted a girl Ingeborg Brigitte Tönissen, called Inge, from Leipzig, who had lost their parents in infancy. Feiners lived since 1940 in the 1891-built Villa freiligrath straße 6.

This was Herbert Fine for over 29,000 Reichsmarks by Marie Berton (1883-1965), acquired widowed Clingestein and born to be Bold, the yet to 1. August 1942, and remained living with her second husband, Louis Berton, a Major a. D., for rent. With her first husband, Richard Clingestein and two daughters, Johanna and Edith Marie Berton had lived since 1910 in the house.

Seriously politically active Herbert Fine was only on 15. April 1945

Seriously politically active Herbert Fine was only on 15. April 1945 as a co-founder of the "anti-fascist Blocks" of Zeitz. A short time later, he joined the KPD. As a direct sequel to the the American occupation authorities at the end of April 1945 used Zeitzer mayor Arthur Cheers was Fine since the 17th century. July 1945, after he had been proposed by the "anti-fascist bloc" and the commander of the Soviet military administration appointed.

corresponded to the generally known image of a typical Communists of the proletarian mass movement of the twenties, so a man who was active from modest social backgrounds out for his political Ideals, Herbert Fine never. So it is not surprising that his first application was rejected for membership in the KPD in 1925, with the reference to his bourgeois origins of Orthodox Enjoyed the party. He also belonged to the Communists in the ranks of well-known Zeitz as Max Benkwitz, Benjamin Schütz and Walter Retterath, the, persecuted by the Nazis and deprived of their freedom, between 1933 and 1945, long years of imprisonment in concentration camps had served.

reasons for the establishment of Feiners

The reasons for the establishment of Feiners in the office of the mayor in the summer of 1945 are not the end of the least plausible in terms of the concrete Situation of that time, circumstances shortly after the war. All of the well-known, already before 1933, active Communists, were detained by their time in concentration camps in space and time from Zeitz, which inevitably necessary knowledge of the former political sphere was limited. Herbert Fine had to be an important advantage, he lived during the Nazi period, mostly here.

Although he had been arrested starting in 1938, several times briefly by the Gestapo and interrogated, because he had hindered the influence of the NSDAP in his operation, he as a merchant with a good insight into the economic structures of the industrial city, which he enjoyed a significant advantage over its party in the KPD had had. Add to that its exceptional position as a Communist came from like-minded entrepreneurs, who had broken free of his Catholic religion and the idea of a propagated a classless society status. (mz)

This article was written by Petrik Wittwika

*The post "Zeitz mayor in the postwar period: An entrepreneur in the Communist party" published by Central German newspaper. Contact with the executives here.

Central German newspaper
Updated Date: 22 May 2020, 10:27

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