Algeria has embarked on intensive contacts with Russia, France, Tunisia, and the united Nations within the framework of a new initiative for the settlement of the crisis in Libya has revealed to the daily Arabic-speaking paper El Khabar. This initiative is based on two main axes.
first, the neutralization of the military situation on the ground for a maximum period of time to allow a return to the negotiating table, thus confirming the refusal of a solution for strictly military purposes. The goal of these next few months to Algiers is to prevent one of the parties engaged in this conflict has a lot of new advances in the field of military, addressing the cycle of provocations.
also Read Libya : passes weapons in diplomatic relations between the Uae and Turkey
The UN must act
Second, enable the united nations to impose the ban on the entry into Libya of arms and fighters from abroad. The embargo in force are not complied with, the idea is to grant the united Nations a greater capacity for stress and to develop a new un mechanism for the settlement of the crisis.
A more pro-active role of the UN, according to Algiers, would, according to El Khabar, the fact that the beginning of the crisis dates back to a decision... un : in march 2011, the security Council resolution 1970 established an arms embargo to Libya and secure aviation libyan accused of targeting protesters against the regime of Gaddafi.
This resolution was followed by one bearing the code of 1973 establishing a no-fly zone and to " take all measures deemed necessary to protect the civilian populations ".
" the responsibility of The UN and, more specifically, of the security Council, is committed, even partially, in the ongoing war in Libya ", explains the newspaper, detailing the case of Algeria. To publicize the initiative, which could be jointly carried by Algiers and Tunis, Algeria has begun has multiplied contacts and public meetings.
also Read Libya : why Europe really has a card to play
Williams has also called for an end to "impunity, international," that is, some countries " do not respect the embargo imposed by the UN on the weapons that return to Libya in an illegal manner ", the same as " impunity internal in Libya, following violations of human rights ".
On 24 July, the head of algerian diplomacy was in Moscow to reiterate the position of Algiers, ensuring that his country " is working hard to avoid any escalation of military action in Libya ".
On July 29, the representative of Algeria to the united Nations, Sofiane Mimouni, has called on the security Council to "invest fully in the search for a political solution inclusive in Libya" and to promote " multilateral action on concrete ". The same day, the minister of foreign Affairs of saudi arabia, Faisal Ben Ferhan Al-Saud, on a visit to Algiers to meet with algerian president, explained that Riyadh was "committed" to coordinate with Algeria to reach a peaceful settlement of the libyan crisis.
Read also The letter of the Maghreb – Libya, the new Vietnam
Dissonance in Algiers and Cairo
The urgency to Algiers to put an end to the interference of regional that could lead Libya and the region to an open conflict, and completely out of control.
The president Tebboune, in a meeting with the media on 19 July, for example, was worried about "attempts of involvement of some libyan tribes in the armed conflict" of libya, saying that " this is a very dangerous situation that could push Libya into the same fate as Somalia ".
at the End of June, the egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi was declared, by the representatives of libyan tribes, willing to train and to arm them for " help in their struggle against foreign interference ". Alluding to the intervention of Turkish in Libya, which irritates the highest point in Cairo.
as a reminder, the House of representatives and the Parliament, in power in eastern libya – has been authorized on July 14, the egyptian forces to intervene in the conflict engulfing his country. In its declaration, it is stated that these troops have the right to intervene to protect the national security of libya and egypt, " if they find an imminent threat to the security of the two States ". Libya is therefore likely, in the absence of a quick solution and comprehensive under the auspices of the united nations, of opening up new fronts in this war that never ends.
also Read libyan Crisis : Ghassan Salamé threw in the towel