The Deutsche Umwelthilfe (DUH) speaks of "a fraud cartel in the automotive sector". Internal documents, which the environmental and consumer association claims to have been passed on from the automotive industry in the summer of 2022, are intended to prove a conscious approach by Audi, VW, Daimler and BMW. Specifically, the car manufacturers are said to have ordered defeat devices for diesel vehicles from the supplier Bosch as early as 2006. According to the DUH, "virtually all manufacturers worldwide" are actually affected, according to a press release published on Thursday. Also named in the documents that have now been published are Toyota, PSA (Peugeot, Citroën, now Stellantis), Hyundai, Honda, Ford and Fiat.
"Not individual VW engineers, but the greed for profit of the four largest automotive companies in Germany led to the development of a total of 44 different versions of the fraudulent software," said DUH Federal Managing Director Jürgen Resch. The car manufacturers are said to have expressed their desire for a function to reduce urea injection in diesel vehicles to Bosch.
In October 2015, the Bosch engineers finally listed more than 40 different exhaust gas cleaning functions, which resulted in higher emissions of harmful nitrogen oxide. It was known that the product parameters "may have an impact on...regulatory compliance," is written in a document. Bosch also pointed out: "An authority-compliant application must be ensured."
The documents from 2006 to 2015 also deal with the temperature-dependent switchover from test mode to real road mode. The legal gray area around the so-called thermal windows, in which the exhaust gas cleaning is reduced or even switched off in certain temperature ranges, is controversial. Officially, it is done to protect the engine components. DUH expert Axel Friedrich on the diesel exhaust manipulation: "We've been doing things here for over a decade - with the help of Bosch, Continental and Delphi Technologies - that were simply illegal."
The car manufacturers would have achieved "a high double-digit billion amount in additional income," said Resch on Thursday at a press conference of the environmental and consumer association. "This cartel has saved hundreds of euros per car and willfully and deliberately accepted that people are killed and that people get sick." He demanded from the federal government that injured drivers be compensated.
Now "the defrauded buyers of diesel vehicles who believed they had bought a climate-friendly and clean vehicle would not have to be deceived a second time" - as in the USA, where millions of vehicles were retrofitted or scrapped.
Friedrich said: "It is a scandal that this data has been withheld for so long." According to the DUH, the documents were passed on to the public prosecutor's office in Stuttgart.
However, when asked by stern, Aniello Ambrosio from the Stuttgart public prosecutor's office said that the documents were already known and "like all other findings from these investigations were taken into account in the fine issued against Robert Bosch GmbH on May 23, 2019". At the time, Bosch had been sentenced to a fine of 90 million euros. According to public prosecutor Ambrosio, a (preliminary) investigation based on the documents was not initiated.
Sources: DUH, with material from the dpa