"Petition" of activists, calls to the personalities of his party, the "confidences" of a newspaper : a candidacy of president Alassane Ouattara to his own succession for a third term, is emerging in Côte d'ivoire after the sudden death of her dolphin. Especially that time is of the essence. The presidential election is more than three months, on October 31. The deadline for submission of nominations is 31 August, but the collection of sponsorships citizens, in order to validate these nominations, has already begun.
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A change of context
It is necessary to go back to the 5th of march last, to understand the issues that loom behind the possible candidacy of the head of State. While he was speaking in front of the parliamentarians of the Senate and the national Assembly gathered in extraordinary congress, Alassane Ouattara, 76 years, nine of which passed to the head of the Ivory Coast, had publicly announced that he would not seek a new mandate. "I would like to announce you officially that I have decided not to be a candidate in the presidential election of October 31, 2020 [...] and the transfer of power to a younger generation. "Before you induct his Prime minister, Amadou Gon Coulibaly as the candidate of the ruling party, the Rassemblement des houphouëtistes for democracy and peace (RHDP). A decision unanimously hailed as historic, both within his party that on the continent and beyond by the international community. "I welcome the historic decision of president Ouattara, a man of word and man of State, not to stand in the next presidential election. Tonight, the Ivory Coast gives the example ", had reacted to the French president in a tweet.
But the unexpected death of the foal of the outgoing president, at age 61 of a heart attack, on July 8, has upset this scenario, which appeared well-oiled, the RHDP to now find a new candidate, three months before the election.
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Find the right arguments
just as the funeral of the Prime minister have been completed, two leaders of the RHDP have taken a position publicly in favour of the candidature of Alassane Ouattara for a third term. "The only choice that is worth, is that president Ouattara to take back the torch," said Sunday on TV5, the executive director of the RHDP and former minister, Adama Bictogo. "As soon as the tragedy happened (the death of Amadou Gon Coulibaly), the majority of activists returned to the president Ouattara. "" For three months of the presidential election, it is hard for us to pull out of the hat a new leader. President Ouattara remains the great unifier, " said Mr Bictogo on RFI Monday.
In a public letter to president Ouattara on Sunday, the spokesman of the RHDP, Kobenan Kouassi Adjoumani, was beseeched to " accept the sacrifice of being a candidate ".
"the eyes of The activists turns inexorably towards you, and only you, "" to give back (to the activists) with the hope that the disappearance of Amadou Gon has ripped off ". "There is that your application can again gather together the whole family of the RHDP," and "ensuring the security, stability and peace so dear to the Côte d'ivoire and the Ivorians," he wrote.
Finally, the head of the State was made on July 15, a "confidence" in the journal Jeune Afrique, indicating need to show " to safeguard the stability of the country ".
"At the present time, given the time, I do not see unfortunately no other solution to preserve the stability of the country," said Alassane Ouattara, while specifying its further reflection, according to the article in Jeune Afrique published Saturday.
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Battle constitutional view
" The personality of Amadou Gon Coulibaly, was so imposed that there was no plan B, and it does not make a candidate again in three months ", analyzes the political scientist Jean Alabro, questioned by the AFP.
" Alassane Ouattara remains the binding agent of the party, but he is embarrassed ", however, considers the political scientist, on the one hand because he had promised not to stand for a third term, "which would trigger the disputes, constitutional" on its right to do so, in part because his party is weakened.
The political analyst Sylvain n'guessan stresses " the dissension within the RHDP-born of the appointment of Amadou Gon Coulibaly ", such as dolphin, which have led to the departure of the two faithful of the president, who lent presidential ambitions, foreign Affairs minister Marcel Amon-Tanoh, then the vice-president, Daniel Kablan Duncan. "It will be difficult for the RHDP to find a candidate of consensus outside of president Ouattara ", note still Sylvain n'guessan. In addition, the president has always left a window open by saying that, if those of his generation were candidates, he could represent. "
This is the case, since the ex-president Henri Konan Bédié, 85 years old, will defend the colors of the democratic Party of Ivory Coast (PDCI), the main opposition. Finally, the surprise could come from the side of the ivorian popular Front (FPI). Even if the party still hopes a bid of ex-president Laurent Gbagbo, 75 years of age, this latter is still enmeshed in the proceedings still pending against him at the international criminal Court in The Hague. Divided and that only Pascal Affi n'guessan said candidate, the REIT was launched on Monday, 20 July a call for nominations for the supreme function. Interested candidates have a week to show up at the party headquarters in the Plateau.
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