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the reform of The judiciary in Peru is born wrapped in controversy. The local press has revealed that some of the members of the newly created National Board of Justice maintain a relationship with César Hinostroza, a former judge investigated this as the head of a network of corruption and whose extradition from Spain is still pending. The Board is the body that replaced the National Council of the Magistracy, disappeared a year and a half ago, evaluating and dismissing judges. This organism was considered one of the nodes of the mafia, court, the so-called Necks White Port.
The new Board is composed of seven members elected by contest and after the selection of a special commission, composed by judicial authorities and academic. The new positions are called upon to review more than 2,400 appointments, dismissals and disciplinary processes of the dissolved National Council of the Magistracy between 2015 and 2018, a period in which the corruption to put to the judges was the currency of exchange between the congressmen fujimoristas (in the opposition), and judges, prosecutors, businessmen and lawyers. The telephone conversations that kept the Necks of White Port shook Peru when they met in July of 2018, following a tax investigation with the drug traffickers prisoners and their lawyers.
The listeners authorized documented the payment of bribes in exchange for judicial rulings, but also the proximity of Hinostroza with the leader of the opposition in Keiko Fujimori, who in 2018 expected favors in order to escape a tax investigation for money laundering, which still continues.
After several public protests, the fujimoristas had to allow in Congress, the debate on the indictment of constitutional against Hinostroza, and the Parliament dismissed the charge of supreme judge and disqualified him for ten years. The justice peruvian waiting to prosecute him for traffic of influence, negotiation incompatible and criminal organization. Another of the senior officials investigated by belonging to the network is the public prosecutor supreme Peter Chávarry, who resigned as attorney general a year ago, but maintains a significant share of power in the Public Ministry.
a week Ago, The Trade revealed that two of the seven new members of the Board, had telephone conversations with Hinostroza and others investigated the case Necks White, but not mentioned to the special committee that selected them. The public scrutiny and claims of transparency, two members of the evaluation commission -the attorney general, Zoraida Avalos and the president of the Constitutional Court Marianela Ledesma - managed to suspend the inauguration of Marco Falconi and Maria Zavala to present their disclaimers.
The comptroller Nelson Shack, also in the same commission, proposed that these two candidates are passed by the polygraph. But opposed to this, the president of the commission, Walter Gutierrez-defender of the People elected with the votes of the majority fujimorista in the Congress - and the president of the Judiciary, José Luis Lecaros.
Although the special commission is obliged to publish the votes, did not. The press spread the vote of the attorney general against Mark Falconi and against Jose Avila for his inability to identify conflicts of interest.
Everything is complicated when, last Monday, The Trade revealed that the president of the commission judging also crossed phone calls with Hinostroza. From Madrid, the judge disbarred asked to "not demonize" their partners. "The fact of calling and receiving calls does not constitute any offence," he said in writing.
In their disclaimers, the candidates Falconi and Zavala indicated that they found it important to allude to their conversations with Hinostroza. The president of the Constitutional Court was asked to Falconi who tried to remember the reason for the 16 calls, and he insisted that it was due to academic issues. Zavala overcame the obstacle and was sworn in on Thursday. To make matters worse the box, the press reported that Falconí plagiarized in his doctoral thesis and master's degrees, while Avila copied academic papers. In the corridors of judicial talk of manipulation in the schedule of selection. This Friday, the journal Perú21 revealed calls between the current president of the Judiciary and Hinostroza, despite the fact that in August, he told radio RPP that he had never spoken on the phone with him.
The president of the National Board of Justice, Aldo Vasquez, trust that you will be able to dodge the problems: "the work of The Board is entirely feasible to tackle any hint of corruption and to ensure the independence of judges and prosecutors," said Vasquez to THE COUNTRY. "There is a huge expectation of public may not be deceived", he added. Vasquez said that they expect to review, in the next 180 days, the case Chávarry and other "where there are indications of irregularities."
Meanwhile, the Union of the Ombudsman's office criticized the performance of Walter Gutiérrez as president of the commission electing members of the Board. "Your actions generate questions in the public opinion, undermining the image and legitimacy of our institution to face the public," said the union in a tweet.Updated Date: 12 January 2020, 02:00