This is the answer given by the president IBK in the call to the" sacred union " launched by the 15 presidents of the economic Community of African States West (Ecowas) convened a video-conference on Monday, July 27. The head of the malian State has therefore announced, in a decree, the constitution immediately, around the Prime minister Boubou Cissé, a "ministerial team limited whose mission is to negotiate" the " formation of a government of national unity to contribute to the appeasement of the situation ".
Several heavy weights from the previous team, who had resigned after the parliamentary elections of march-April, will retain their positions : Tiébilé Dramé at the head of the diplomacy, the general Ibrahima Dahirou Dembélé to the Defence or Boubacar Alpha Bah the territorial Administration. The lawyer and politician Kassoum Tapo became minister of Justice and the general of division m'bemba Moussa Keïta, minister of Security. The authority has made a gesture in the direction of the opposition by entrusting the ministry of Economy and Finance to an ex-banker, Abdoulaye Daffé, considered as being close to the Chérif of Nioro, the mentor of the leader of the opposition, the imam Mahmoud Dicko.
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Encouragement to the" sacred union "
The heads of State regional, which feared a destabilisation of Mali, the epicenter of the threat jihadist in the Sahel, have in fact endorsed the efforts of the mediators of Ecowas, according to its president, Niger's Mahamadou Issoufou. But they went a step further, evoking for the first time a "regime of sanctions" against those who will be "acts contrary to the standards," said the head of State of niger at the end of the virtual summit, which lasted about three hours. In addition, they have insisted that the policies are implemented "no later than" Friday, July 31. The members of the security Council of the united nations have accentuated this pressure by urging all parties " to follow these recommendations without delay ", after having expressed their " deep concern ". "The sacred union" is essential to prevent a collapse of the State with unpredictable consequences, even in the neighbouring countries such as Niger and Burkina Faso, also theatres of attacks by jihadist murderers, " and even beyond ", according to Mr Issoufou.
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What about the constitutional Court and members of the election contested ?
The climate of frustration that is fuelled by years of instability, safe in the centre and the north of Mali, the economic slump or a corruption, considered endemic was added to the invalidation by the constitutional Court for a thirty outcomes of the latest legislative, considered as the trigger of the current crisis. The summit called for a "redial" of the constitutional Court ". In the majority supporting the president Keïta, the leaders of west african request to put "every effort" to obtain the "immediate resignation of the 31 mps whose election is contested, including the president of the Parliament," Moussa Timbiné. These resignations would pave the way to legislative elections.
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Strong call to the opposition and civil society
Ecowas has especially called for a " government of national unity with the participation of the opposition and civil society ", while excluding a forced departure of the president Keïta. The leaders of the protest have so far refused to enter into such a government, stressing that the problems of mal-governance went beyond the simple electoral issues. Despite these challenges, the Ecowas "encourages" the Movement of the 5-June, which leads the protest, to " participate ", and this " in a spirit of patriotism ". On July 10, the third major demonstration against the government had degenerated into three days of unrest murderers in Bamako, the worst in the capital since 2012, which have been between 11 and 23 deaths. Ecowas has requested in this regard that a "commission of inquiry" will determine " responsibilities ".
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The after-noon for Eid-to-manage
The protest movement M5-RFP, a coalition of diverse religious, political opponents and members of civil society, had announced on July 21, a "truce" until after the great muslim holiday of Aid al-Adha, scheduled for 31 July. But the youth of the movement, spearheading the mobilization, announced the resumption of protests after the August 3, calling again for the resignation of the head of State. meanwhile, the violence continues outside of Bamako. A French soldier from madagascar, was killed Thursday in Mali during an operation of the force antidjihadiste Barkhane, received on Monday a final tribute to Paris.