Zugspitze is celebrating 200 years first ascent: From the lonely mountain to the tourist-magnet

it is Germany's highest mountain - and the proof is boarded been 200 years of people: The Zugspitze has since developed from the 2962 Meter high endpoint of ex

Zugspitze is celebrating 200 years first ascent: From the lonely mountain to the tourist-magnet

it is Germany's highest mountain - and the proof is boarded been 200 years of people: The Zugspitze has since developed from the 2962 Meter high endpoint of extreme expeditions to a destination of mass tourism. A historical summary since the officially documented first ascent on 27. August 1820:

in 1820

The Bavarian Lieutenant Josef Naus and the local mountain guide, Johann Georg Tauschl the first ascent of the Zugspitze, which is officially proven to be safe to succeed, along with several companions. You have reached the peak in the Wetterstein mountain range to the southwest of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, lunch on the 27th. August, 1820, during an Expedition, the land survey is used in the state order.

in 1855

In the first years after the first ascent of the Zugspitze remains a domain of daring pioneering. From the middle of the 19th century. Century, but the mountain comes to rise in fashion, Railways, allow long-distance travel. Alpine clubs are driving the market. In 1855, opened the first shelter for the climbers on the Zugspitze massif to about 2000 meters. In 1883, an appeal follows the standard of accommodation right on the summit.

alpinism at the Zugspitze trip on


Given the persistent alpinism trends is to be built below the summit of the Zugspitze there will be a larger cultivated mountain hut, and in 1897 opened up today in Munich the house. Even then, there is controversy about the limits of tourism development. For the construction responsible for the Munich section of the German Alpine club is split in a dispute even. The cottage also has a meteorological Station.

in 1926

The summit, the state runs the border between Germany and Austria, developed after the First world war more and more to become a tourist destination. Winter sports is modern. In 1926 a cable car on the Austrian side of the Zugspitze crest in operation, along with a new Hotel at around 2800 meters of altitude.

Bavarian Zugspitze railway and luxury hotel

in 1930,

On the German side, the Bavarian Zugspitze railway starts a part in a tunnel-run, cog railway, which leads to the ice-covered high mountain plateau below the summit at around 2650 meters. At the Terminus, the luxury hotel schneefernerhaus, which opens a year later, along with a cable car to the summit is formed.

Bayerische Zugspitzbahn Bergbahn AG Historical moment: in 1930, the Zugspitze is opened track.

in 1963

After the Second world war and its aftermath have caused deep incision of tourism runs from the end of the 40s again. Now, the characters are permanently on skis and mass tourism. Around the summit, more and more slopes, ski lifts, arise, smaller cable cars and other facilities. In 1963, the new summit cable car goes into operation, the visitors from the valley station Eibsee on the German side, directly to the top of the mountain brings. It creates a faster access to the summit.

in 1965,

The nature reminded that it measures to a hostile environment is the Zugspitze, in spite of all the Development. 15. May hits an avalanche on the sun terrace of the schneeferner house and kills ten people. The misfortune leads to the construction of numerous avalanche protection structures on the mountain.


The Zugspitze, at 2962 metres above sea level, the highest peak of the Wetterstein mountains, and at the same time, Germany's highest mountain - behind the 2744-Meter-high, high-Wanner. The impressive Zugspitz massif to the southwest of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. On its West summit is the border between Germany and Austria runs.

dpa/Sven Hoppe/dpa, The Zugspitze is Germany's highest mountain, a symbol of strength. 200 years ago, the first human reached the summit.

luxury hotel closes and becomes the environmental research station

in 1992

The Hotel Schneefernerhaus closes and is converted into a public environmental research center, as a destination for skiers and summer hikers, however, the Zugspitze, will remain an attractive. In the 80s and 90s, new cableways will be built and the existing plants, partially consuming the advanced. dpa/Angelika Warmuth Highest construction site in Germany: The construction of the new cable car in 2016.


The old Eibsee cable car is a performance new more replaced on an almost identical route. The spectacular design breaks several world records. An accident during an emergency management exercise damaged the railway in the following year, heavy and leads to a multi-month interruption of operations.

to 2020

The Zugspitze mountain continues to attract hundreds of thousands of visitors. Part of it is still a classic as the mountaineers on the road. According to the estimates of the Bavarian Zugspitze railway, the number could reach this season, a new record.

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Date Of Update: 01 December 2020, 09:27