Federal Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock (Greens) is increasing the pressure on Tehran in view of the ongoing violence against protesters in Iran. She wants to speak personally at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva today. At the request of Germany and Iceland, a special session on Iran will take place there. The request was supported by more than 50 countries.
Baerbock wants to promote a resolution that will be voted on in the afternoon. The draft condemns the violence and calls on the government in Tehran to protect the human rights of women in particular. In addition, an independent investigation into the events is to be initiated. Evidence should also be collected, which can later be used in any court proceedings against those responsible for unnecessary violence.
Baerbock wants to give demonstrators a voice
"Today the members of the Human Rights Council can show the flag against the injustice, the beatings and the shots with which the Iranian regime wants to destroy peaceful protest," said the Foreign Minister. She condemned the brutal violence and state tyranny that Iranians had been victims of, she said, for the past two months.
UN High Commissioner speaks of "tyranny"
The new UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Türk, has spoken of a "tyranny" in the country. At the special session of the UN Human Rights Council, Türk said: "The unnecessary and disproportionate use of force must end." It is "a full-fledged human rights crisis".
Iran says West is interfering
Iran has opposed the move. Diplomats are said to have pulled out all the stops to persuade the member countries of the UN Human Rights Council to reject the resolution. According to state media, Foreign Minister Hussein Amirabdollahian said yesterday that the US, Germany, France and Britain were interfering in internal affairs. The security forces have so far held back.
All 193 UN members can support the resolution. But there are only 47 governments in the Council that vote on it. A simple majority of yes votes is sufficient for acceptance. Abstentions are irrelevant. It is considered impossible that Iran would allow independent human experts into the country. However, many investigations are also carried out externally by questioning refugees and eyewitnesses.
Human rights activists: At least 430 dead
Since the death of the young Kurdish woman Mahsa Amini on September 16, there have been unprecedented demonstrations in Iran for more women's rights and against the government. Amini was arrested by the vice squad for allegedly violating the strict dress code and died in police custody. According to the US-based organization Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA), at least 430 people have been killed since the protests broke out, including 55 security forces. Six people have been sentenced to death after taking part in protests. Thousands were arrested.
The new UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Volker Türk, wanted to speak for the first time in his new position at the special session. The Austrian lawyer took office in October.