In January, the federal government wants to introduce the new citizens' income. The basic security for the unemployed should then be about 50 euros higher than the previous Hartz IV benefits and associated with less pressure from the job center. Even before the final decisions are made in the Bundestag and Bundesrat, there is a discussion: is it still worth going to work at all?
Assertion: Citizens' income sometimes puts the unemployed better off financially than full-time employees.
Assessment: A comparison of basic income alone with the net wages of individual low earners is often misleading. Because financial claims for low-wage earners are not taken into account.
Facts: With various sample calculations, it is repeatedly argued in social media, among other things: People who are unemployed and receive citizen income will in future have just as much money in their pockets every month as some employees. Some even claim that the unemployed have hundreds of euros more.
CSU boss Markus Söder recently said on ZDF, for example, that certain people in the lower income groups would "ultimately have less if they work than if they don't work". His party had previously launched the "Achievement must pay off!" campaign. initiated.
The CSU calculates, for example, that a single person who will receive citizen income from 2023 will supposedly have just as much money left over to live on as a comparable employee with a gross wage of around 2500 euros. Because unlike the unemployed, the employee gets neither housing nor heating costs financed by the state, but has to pay everything out of their own pocket, so the theory goes.
For its example, the CSU uses exactly the same data that the right-wing conservative weekly “Junge Freiheit” and several AfD district associations had already distributed weeks earlier.
Calculation examples often incomplete
In examples like these, government benefits are often concealed that employees in the low-wage sector are entitled to: such as housing benefits, child allowances, maintenance payments or tax exemptions - i.e. additional money that only employed persons can apply for. By embezzling these subsidies, the results of such calculations for employees in the low-wage sector are sometimes several hundred euros too low.
Calculating the difference between citizen's income and salary is not as simple as is often suggested. On the contrary: Calculations of needs, even for low-wage earners, are highly complex - and above all individual. Whether state benefits are paid depends on specific factors such as the size and cost of the apartment, place of residence or the number of family members.
What subsidies are there for the lower wage groups?
People on low incomes can receive various allowances - especially families. That would be for example:
Housing allowance: The amount depends on the net income of the household, the number of household members and the rental costs. With low salaries in a three-person household of a single parent, the amount can easily amount to several hundred euros. From January 2023, according to the plans of the traffic light coalition, the housing allowance is to be increased and the group of recipients is to be expanded by 1.4 million citizens.
Child allowance: The amount of this allowance is decided individually depending on income, housing costs, size of the family and the age of the children. The prerequisite is that a single parent has a gross income of at least 600 euros and couples of at least 900 euros. Example: A mother with two children gets up to 229 euros a month per child with a gross salary of up to 2100 euros and rent including heating of around 790 euros.
Child Support Advance: This government benefit for children of working single parents is paid when the other parent does not provide regular or full support for their children. The monthly advance (as of January 1, 2022) for children between the ages of 6 and 11 is up to 236 euros, for older children it is even up to 314 euros.
Citizens' allowance recipients also have to pay for electricity themselves
When the CSU writes that a citizen benefit recipient has zero euros in energy costs, that is wrong. Electricity has to be financed from the standard rate provided.
The costs for housing and a reasonable consumption of heating are actually covered by the office. In view of rising rents and gas and oil prices, this is exactly what causes a lot of resentment on the part of employees.
The president of the social association VdK, Verena Bentele, therefore draws attention to wages. A certain distance between earned income and citizen's income must be kept, she recently explained on Deutschlandfunk. "In sectors where this is not the case, there is an urgent need for improvement." In other words, it is not the citizens' income that is too high in their opinion, but the salaries are sometimes too low.
All information on the dpa fact checks Contact page for the dpa fact check team