Shortly after left-wing ex-head of state Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva narrowly won the first round of the presidential election in Brazil, the government of right-wing incumbent Jair Bolsonaro brought forward the payment of social benefits.
In July, Congress in Brasília approved the declaration of a state of emergency, lifting the constitutional ceiling on government spending. This gave President Bolsonaro's government permission to spend the equivalent of around 7.5 billion euros by the end of the year - for example to increase social benefits. In addition, truck and taxi drivers should be supported, taxes on ethanol reduced and cooking gas subsidized.
Opposition MPs also voted in favor of the decision. Their justification was that it was necessary to support the poorest part of the population in the country with more than 210 million inhabitants. Lula ruled from the beginning of 2003 to the end of 2010 and lifted millions of people out of abject poverty with social programs.