For years, Eliete Ringuissai send his family in the South-East African Mozambique money. 100 Euro, 200 Euro, "always according to your needs, who just has problems". The 57-earned Year, significantly more than its Relatives in the home. For 40 years he has worked as a chemical skilled worker in eilenburg in Saxony, his Relatives live in one of the poorest countries in the world. However, the Corona-crisis has changed all of that. "It is very bad," says the Mozambicans. If he can send his family money? "I don't know if I can do it."
How Ringuissai almost one billion migrants worldwide are supported by their families back home with remittances. In the past year, the world was sent to a Bank, according to a record total of 554 billion dollars (around 505 billion euros), about three times as much as global flows in development aid. However, because of the Corona-crisis, the world Bank expected this year, a slump of almost 20 per cent - a disaster for millions of people.
All of the current information about the Corona-crisis you will find in our News-Ticker."Work as a insurance": Corona-pandemic complicates remittances
"remittances are a stable source of income and also work as an insurance policy," says Economist Dilip Ratha of the world Bank, one of the leading global experts on remittances. A family needs money for school fees or a visit to the doctor, so she relies on relatives abroad.
in addition, tailored Ratha that remittances exactly to the needs of the families, "probably more than development aid or foreign direct investment". Each of the up to 180 million international migrants and about 800 million domestic migrants in the world who sends money home, helps, therefore, two to three people. dpa/Marijan Murat, A woman fills in a transfer form.
Germany was 2017 according to Figures from the International organization for Migration (IOM) in the world with 22.1 billion dollars, the fifth most important country of origin for remittances. "Germany is one of the main destination countries for global Migration," says the people's scientist Panu Poutvaara. This was reflected also in these Figures. Poutvaara is a member of the expert Council of German foundations for Integration and Migration and the migration is head of research at the Munich-based Ifo Institute.From Germany, is transferred money to the neighbouring countries of
And this applies not only to individual families but to whole countries. Because for many States, remittances are an important branch of the economy. In Somalia, about these funds by 2019 accounted for according to the International monetary Fund (IMF), 32 per cent of the gross domestic product. From Germany a lot of money flows in the neighbourhood: in 2017, the biggest chunk went to the think tank Pew Research Centre, France and Poland, followed by Italy, Austria, the Czech Republic, Spain and Hungary.
The Corona-crisis has made this "lifeline", as Economist Ratha remittances announced, heavy. Often migrants would be the most unsafe professions, and would lose in a crisis, as first their Jobs."Can't support my family," short-time work stops help through Remittances
The Mozambicans Ringuissai, the workers came as contract in the GDR, in his Saxon chemical plant is now in short-time work. He must pay close attention to his money. "If something is left, I will send it, but I also have to think of me," he says. Also, the logistics company in Bonn, Germany, for the Khalid is working, is suffering because of the pandemic. The Somalis are therefore working only part-time. "I can't support my family," he says. dpa Eliete Ringuissai (on the right) with his aunt and step-sister in the home of the step-sister to see
in Addition, the Sending of money is difficult right now. Khalid is more often used according to own information of money transfer companies, but the offices to be virtually all, stated Khalid. "You couldn't send no money."poverty, malnutrition, Hunger: Without remittances devastating consequences
threaten How important these Transfers are to know also the Federal government. "The Corona-related limitations make it for migrants is difficult to send money bar," said the Ministry of development. Therefore, the Ministry promotes digital payment options, such as in Jordan. In addition, the Ministry supports the Website "Geldtransfair.de" to the user before a Transfer will be able to compare what the cost for your destination country from different providers due. The cost "should be as low as possible so that the money arrives with the families," said the Ministry.
If the return the absence of transfers, the consequences can be devastating. "Families fall into poverty and even suffer from problems that we have done in a long time no Worries, about malnutrition and Hunger," says Economist Ratha. Although improving slowly, because the Corona easing in Europe, the situation of migrants. But Ratha, the risk is that "remittances will recover more slowly than the economies". Travel restrictions, stricter immigration policy and growing discrimination of foreign workers and hence, perhaps, the Corona-crisis. The consequences in developing countries, could be for years to feel.
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