in the World is the subject of intensive research for a vaccine to specifically protect against the Coronavirus Sars-CoV-2.
Until there is the, could possibly offer an already existing live vaccines, a certain level of protection against infection, researchers believe.
Because, especially live vaccines, the function is enabled, but attenuated pathogens, to trigger a robust response from the immune system.
"Previous studies were able to provide evidence that these vaccines can have an effect on their pathogen-specific effects, and protection against other diseases increase," write the experts, Melanie Brinkmann, Eva Kaufmann, and Thomas Mertens in a joint response to a request from the German press Agency.
such stimulation causes long-lasting changes in immune cells or their precursor cells, which led to an increased readiness to function of the body's immune system, stresses the Immunologist Eva Kaufmann from McGill University in Montreal.
"speaking Very generally, there are from epidemiological studies evidence that live vaccines, when to also offer a small percentage, a 'cross-protection' against non-related pathogens could," confirmed the President of the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute (PEI), Klaus Cichutek.
These studies were, but still there is no evidence for such protection, he says.
recommendations for the use of an already approved live vaccine against the Coronavirus, "would require, in any case, first of all, relevant, compelling data and, in particular, to the effectiveness against Covid-19".
Such data is not available, to the knowledge of PEI is currently in the world.Tuberkolse vaccine against the Coronavirus?
Melanie Brinkmann of Braunschweig-based Helmholtz center for infection research (HZI) refers to evidence that the tuberculosis BCG vaccine can protect against viral infections in humans.
Whether this immune response also a certain degree of protection against infection with SARS-CoV-2 mediate, is not yet known.
"It is important to investigate this in clinical studies," emphasizes the Virologist. According to PEI information two clinical trials are currently examining such an effect of the relatively new and already on its safety investigated BCG vaccine VPM 1002, in certain at-risk groups. Results are expected in the next year.
In the journal 'Science' is an international team of researchers in a contribution to the discussion also on the question of whether live vaccines could offer protection against Covid-19.
to investigate This, researchers from Konstantin Chumakov of the US food and drug administration FDA (Food and Drug Administration) to make a study, in particular to the effectiveness of the – well-known of the polio vaccine – oral Polio vaccine OPV against the Coronavirus.
in the 1950s, developed the vaccine have shown pathogens in earlier studies also, a degree of protection against other viruses such as the Flu, the researchers write.
"If the results of the studies with OPV are positive, OPV can be used to protect the most vulnerable populations."
The virologist Thomas Mertens of the University hospital of Ulm, Chairman of the Standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO) at the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI), sees this proposal, however, is skeptical: A world-wide use of OPV vaccine against Sars-CoV-2 was to avoid "hard to imagine" – in particular to possible infections with pathogens derived from such Viruses, to.
The current strategy of the world health organization (WHO) see, to stop all OPV vaccinations, and to use instead, for the eradication of the Poliovirus type 1 – the only remaining Polio-wild pathogen – Totimpfungen.
"A vaccination with OPV inevitable re-release of Polio Vaccines appears to be highly questionable," stressed Mertens.
- Chumakov, K. et al. (2020): Can existing live vaccines prevent COVID-19?, archived from the original on 15.06.2020: https://science.sciencemag.org/content/368/6496/1187/tab-pdf
Deutsche Presse-Agentur (dpa)
*The post "answer of the immune system: Provide approved live vaccines, protection from Covid-19?" is published by FitForFun. Contact with the executives here.FitForFun Date Of Update: 16 June 2020, 04:26