HPV infection is the cause of prostate cancer? Experts urge vaccination

infection with Human papilloma virus (HPV) is very likely for the Genesis of prostate cancer. To this conclusion, two Australian researchers now have evaluated

HPV infection is the cause of prostate cancer? Experts urge vaccination

infection with Human papilloma virus (HPV) is very likely for the Genesis of prostate cancer. To this conclusion, two Australian researchers now have evaluated 26 studies; their results have been published in the journal "Infectious Agents and Cancer". The new study by the Standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO) gives you recommends already since 2018, HPV vaccination only for girls at the age of 9 to 14 years, but also for all the boys.

the evaluation of The studies revealed that HPV-infection could trigger the formation of malignant tumors (Oncogenesis) in the prostate gland, directly or indirectly, on the elements of the immune system, said the Australian researchers. However, it is also possible that the viruses act in the Oncogenesis of the prostate gland also with other agents inter. The role of HPV in prostate cancer is very complex and different from that of HPV-associated cervical cancer, the researchers explain.

correlations still unclear

That the connections are not clarified scientifically acceptable, and in the future explored in more detail would have to be, says Peter Hammerer, head of the Urological clinic at the Municipal hospital of Braunschweig: "The exact mechanisms are not fully understood. The extent to which other genetic conditions need to be present, is currently still unclear.“ Nevertheless, it is important that there is a connection between virus infection and cancer risk, he says.

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An important note for the connection of a HPV infection with prostate cancer, but in particular, the data provided on mortality by cervical and prostate cancer in several countries: for example, the Australian researchers found that in the countries in which the mortality was due to cervical cancer is high, also the mortality due to prostate cancer was increased, while in countries in which the mortality was due to cancer of the cervix low mortality was due to prostate cancer is also low.

infection with HPV is mainly through sexual contact; the Robert Koch Institute points out, however, that a Transfer can also be caused by the very close body contact and also in spite of condom use during Sex. In rare cases Transmission through a smear infection is also possible. All the important messages to the Coronavirus in the FOCUS Online Newsletter. Subscribe now.

infected as well as anyone in the course of his life with HPV

Human papilloma viruses are a widespread occurrence: Between 70 and 80 percent of all people go through at some point in their lives HPV infection. Typically, these are asymptomatic and heal from extend spontaneously in most cases within 12 to 18 months.

Why, when a woman is the virus infection heals spontaneously, while in the other, a cell changes to cancer is not yet clarified sufficiently. We distinguish the HPV types between the two groups: the Low - and high-risk HPV. While the low-risk HPV are not available in connection with the development of cancer, have been identified in the high-risk HPV (mainly HPV types 16 and 18) in more than 99 percent of all cases of cervical cancer.

The only protection against infection is a HPV vaccination offers – in addition to sexual abstinence. Young people who have not been vaccinated up to the age of 15 years should have the vaccination up to the age of 18. Birthday make up, also advises the Federal centre for health education (BZgA).

the topic of The prevention action is needed

still, According to Michael Muders, a senior physician at the centre for pathology at the University hospital of Bonn, in Germany as "a clear need for action", with regard to the issue of prevention: "After infection with HPV, the sexually transmitted diseases, it is recommended to have a vaccination before the first sexual contact. Unfortunately, this type of primary prevention in Germany is not as widely used as, for example, in Scandinavian countries.“

Although Muders believes that the new study could give Australian researchers the vaccination more strongly, but he also stresses that "there is a clear scientific evidence of a causal Association between infection and cancer in case of prostate cancer is lacking so far." The scientists also give the evaluation.

However, For protection against cervical cancer and other cancers, such as in the mouth and throat, which are also associated with an HPV infection, he keeps one for "absolutely recommended". Only every 5000 to 7000 years: comet "Neowise" to see to see in the night sky PCP Only every 5000 to 7000 years: comet "Neowise" now in the night sky

Date Of Update: 14 July 2020, 15:28

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