Tesla's plans to build a battery factory in Grünheide near Berlin actually seemed to have been concrete. After all, the company wanted to add a factory to the Gigafactory that opened there last March, in which new types of battery cells are manufactured. However, Tesla is now considering suspending its plans and building a corresponding factory in the USA instead.
The reason for this are tax breaks that the US automaker could get as a result of the increase in battery production in their own country. This is reported by the US daily newspaper "The Wall Street Journal", citing people familiar with the matter.
The additional tax breaks come from the new Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) that US President Joe Biden signed into law last month. It provides for significant tax breaks that should result in a cost reduction for vehicle batteries in e-cars – by more than a third, according to analysts. The prerequisite for this is that the battery cells are manufactured and packaged in the USA.
For Tesla's compact Model Y sports utility vehicle, the cost of a 75-kWh battery pack would be reduced by almost 40 percent, predicts analysis house Bernstein Research. "From a battery manufacturer's perspective, it seems almost too good to be true," UBS analyst Tim Bush said of the production credits. The law also expands a $7,500 tax credit for buyers.
With the new law, the USA is aiming to expand domestic battery production in order to reduce the international imbalance in the industry – especially with China. In fact, Tesla is likely to be among the first companies to benefit from the law. Because the US carmaker and Panasonic share a battery factory in Nevada. In addition, Tesla was making newer, larger battery cells at a pilot plant in Fremont, and had the same plan for its factories near Austin, Texas.
In Germany, on the other hand, one should by no means be happy about Tesla's possible change of plans. At least 2,000 new jobs were expected in Grünheide in battery production alone. In November it became known that Tesla would forego state subsidies of around 1.1 billion. However, the US carmaker wanted to stick to the construction plans for the battery factory.
This is also the current state of knowledge at the Brandenburg Ministry of Economic Affairs. The first information was received on Thursday, said spokeswoman Irene Beringer at the request of the German Press Agency. "It seems possible that Tesla will reprioritize individual process steps in the plants, but that the Grünheide site will remain under construction and with its jobs."
Sources: The Wall Street Journal, rbb, with material from dpa