Russia is threatened with an even larger budget deficit this year than feared anyway. The Russian state budget already shows a deficit of 2.581 trillion rubles (32.3 billion euros) after the months of January and February, according to the Russian news agency Interfax. That is already almost 90 percent of the deficit of 2.925 trillion rubles (36.6 billion euros) planned for the year as a whole. In the same period last year, Russia had achieved a surplus of 415 billion rubles (5.2 billion euros).
The main problem for the Russian budget is the slump in oil and gas revenues. According to preliminary calculations by the ministry, these have fallen by almost half. According to the Ministry of Finance, this is mainly due to the lower oil price and the fall in exports of natural gas.
On Monday morning, a barrel (159 liters) of North Sea Brent for delivery in May cost 85.33 US dollars. However, because of the war of aggression waged against Ukraine by Kremlin chief Vladimir Putin, the western industrialized countries have imposed a price cap on Russian crude oil and now also on oil products from Russia. Urals oil is therefore trading at a significant discount. According to media reports, Moscow is only getting rid of its Urals oil at an average price of around $50 a barrel.