Coup de theatre in the metropolis of Grand Paris (MGP) on Thursday morning, at the election of its president ! Favorite of the election, the candidate of the majority of Republicans and Independents (LRI), Vincent Jeanbrun, was finally withdrawn at the end of the first round very tight, where he only arrived with six votes ahead of the candidate of IDU Philippe Laurent, mayor of Sceaux and secretary-general of the Association of mayors of France. Several suspensions of session followed, which did not permit the young person elected to attract more support and, hopefully, win the election.
the chairman of The group was eventually forced to propose the candidature of Patrick Ollier, the outgoing president, to which the centrists, the PS and the left Front joined by withdrawing their candidates. Yet, Tuesday, in a vote that the group's internal LRI, the young mayor of L'haÿ-les-Roses, 36 years old, had been preferred to the mayor of Rueil-Malmaison, judged to be a little too much supported by the mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, who was its first vice-president.
A metropolis too complex
conversely, Vincent Jeanbrun had the support of Valérie Pécresse. What to see in him a future president to be under the influence. For several years, in fact, the president of the region Île-de-France is critical of the MGP, in which she only sees a "soft body" should be deleted and which skills should be transferred to other communities, starting of course with his own. Spotted by the president of the region Île-de-France during the campaign of the regional of 2010, Vincent Jeanbrun has first been his legislative assistant before being elected councilor départemental du Val-de-Marne and the regional adviser in 2015 and, finally, vice-president of the region in charge of employment, vocational training and learning.
The fact that Vincent Jeanbrun chairs already in the Forum métropolitain du Grand Paris was not enough to make people forget about his speech on "managing expensive" of the MGP. In a column published a few days ago in The Opinion, the candidate wrote : "It still remains to define the role of the city in our millefeuille territorial, and I would even say, above all, its utility." Accused for wanting to dissolve the PGMS in the region of Île-de-France, Vincent Jeanbrun tried in vain to play the card of appeasement : "I have no stick of dynamite on me. In fact, I think metropolitan, but not at the gas plant, born of the laws Maptam and Our " we-he explained.
In fact, the mayor of L'haÿ-les-Roses is far from being the only one to deplore the organization of the metropolis, to the right as on the left. Since its creation in 2016, the MGP has always been lacking in readability in the eyes of the citizens. "It is the epitome of complexity. When a resident asks me how it works, I warn that it takes a good quarter of an hour and a PowerPoint file, " sighs the mayor of Neuilly, Jean-Christophe Fromantin.
The MGP, which includes Paris, 131 municipalities of the small crown mainly and some 7 million inhabitants, has the status of a public institution of intermunicipal cooperation (EPCI), with a tax of its own. The municipalities, with the exception of the capital that retains its special status, are met within institutions of public territorial (EFA). A unique organization in France, and that the mayors would like to review. "It is necessary to transform the EFA EPCI (public Establishment of intermunicipal co-operation of common law) to restore autonomy to the territories. The metropolis should have a role of planning and organization of the global strategy ", considers, for example, Jacques J. P. Martin, mayor of Nogent-sur-Marne and support of Vincent Jeanbrun.
Supposed to improve the framework of life of its residents and reduce the inequalities between territories, the MGP has in reality never been the means of its ambitions. According to the budget report of the institution, its resources amounted in 2019 to 3.4 billion euros. But 97 % of its revenues have been allocated to payments to the municipalities and to the EFA. As a result, their capital expenditure was only € 130 million. In this same report, one reads that only one million euros has been allocated to housing and $ 4 million for economic development. "The metropolis of the Grand Paris has been with a lot less money than the cities of the province. My city has more resources ! Therefore, there is no leverage effect ", emphasises the mayor of the city of Clamart, Jean-Didier Berger, who supported the candidature of Vincent Jeanbrun.
A funding deficit
In 2018, he has created the Alliance of territories, encompassing 120 communities, to challenge a provision of the law Our which provides that the proceeds of the contribution foncière des entreprises (CFE), estimated at a little over a billion euros on the MGP and collected by the municipalities, or transferred to the metropolis by 2021. "If we lose this resource, we will not be able to fund our projects," worries Jean-Christophe Fromantin, which decried the complexity of the metropolitan system " that we rot life and obliges us to spend our time in meeting to get scraps of funding." The subsidies will also dry up, as the main fiscal resource to the metropolis, the contribution on the added value of enterprises (CVAE), will necessarily be affected by the economic crisis. "The funding model for the metropolitan action is structurally in deficit," acknowledges the report fiscal 2019.
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re-Elected with 133 votes of the 137 cast, with Patrick Ollier, who had put in place the metropolis, said he is " determined to demonstrate that we can go even further and stronger ". He also announced that the debate on a future law concerning the metropolis will take place, " but it is the Parliament that will open it ". In 2017, the president of the Republic himself had promised a reform of the MGP. Not sure, however, that the great conference of the territories announced by Emmanuel Macron, for the summer takes hold of the subject : "At the approach of elections departmental and regional, it may be seen as a manoeuvre electioneering ", adds Jean-Christophe Fromantin, which fears the stalemate. "We are the city mayors," repeated Patrick Ollier. It ought to become also that of the inhabitants.