according To an annual report compiled by the IGPN (Inspection générale de la police nationale), including the Agence France-Presse reported, the number of investigations in 2019 entrusted to the police of the police has increased in 2019. This report refers to an unprecedented number of judicial investigations, of which more than half are aimed at accusations of the "violence" of security forces. Last year, the general Inspectorate of the national police, given 1 460 investigations by the justice. A revenue increase of 23.7 % compared to the year 2018.
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With 310 folders in 2019, "the movement of the yellow Vests resulted in an overstressing of the general Inspectorate of the national police," the report says. On the 1 460 judicial investigations entrusted last year to the " horse carrots ", 868 focus on " voluntary violence ", a figure that has soared by 41 % compared to 2018 (+ 256). These remedies is disputed to force fall to 38.8 per cent of interventions or arrests in the course of events, for 12.8% of controls identity, or highway and 14.1 % result of" allegations of violence against detained persons ".
"A dozen of police officers who are likely to be the subject of legal proceedings"
" These referrals to the judicial authority does not constitute a presumption of fault of the agents ", warns Brigitte Jullien, director of the IGPN, an institution whose impartiality is regularly questioned. "This is a flawed approach makes it even more complicated understanding, in fine, of making many classification [without following] in the past, which are taken by the judicial authority and, in any case, by the IGPN," the report says. According to Brigitte Jullien, on the 399 records "yellow Vests" attributed to the IGPN since the beginning of the movement in November 2018, 130 involve serious injuries and 274 have been transmitted to justice. "Today, we have a dozen of police officers who are likely to be the subject of prosecution ", explains she with the Agence France-Presse.
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According to the police policies, the level of surveys that were granted to him in 2019 is due to the recurrence of events, to the increase in violence against the security forces leading to " responses are many and firmer ", but also to the choice of the judicial authorities, notably in Paris, entrusted to the IGPN complaints relating to the use of force, " regardless of the seriousness of the facts ".
At the heart of the polemics on the continuation of the order, the use of the launcher ball defense (LBD), and hand grenades of désencerclement (GMD), accused of having wounded or maimed several of the protesters, declined after having reached unprecedented levels in 2018, a year marked by violent manifestations of yellow Vests, a movement high-school pupil and overflows the margins of the football world Cup. Their use, however, remains at significant levels : 10 785 shots of LBD compared to 18 976 in 2018 (- 43 %) and 3 244 grenades from 5 to 420 the previous year (- 40 %).
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"The media coverage of some injuries and the reactions prompted by the use of this weapon [the LBD] in the past have likely played an inhibitory role for the forces of law and order," noted the report. The yellow Vests éborgnés to the public affairs Steve Caniço Nantes or Cedric Chouviat in Paris, the issue of police violence, terminology that has been rejected by the executive, has in fact imposed in the public debate. And with it, the question of the role and the impartiality of the IGPN, particularly in doubt by the left opposition or the member ex-LREM Aurélien Stained.
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" All the institutions, the doctors and the lawyers of the Orders, it does not call into question their impartiality. This is not because the bend of media affairs, the IGPN has made conclusions that do not go in the desired direction that we are biased. We do our work with objectivity ", is defended Brigitte Jullien. Last January, after the death of Cedric Chouviat during an arrest, Emmanuel Macron had asked the Interior ministry to do, "as soon as possible, clear proposals to improve the ethics, the elements of control" of the forces of law and order. The recent demonstrations in France against police violence, in the wake of the death of George Floyd in the United States, only serve to reinforce the pressure on the Place Beauvau.Date Of Update: 08 June 2020, 02:33