Russia earned 93 billion euros from fossil energy exports during the first 100 days of the war against Ukraine, most of it from the EU, according to a report by an independent research center.
The publication by the Finland-based Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) comes at a time when Ukraine is pressuring Westerners to break ties with Russia so as not to feed the Kremlin's coffers that sustain the war. .
The European Union recently decided to impose a progressive embargo - with exceptions - on oil imports from Russia. At the moment the gas, on which the block is very dependent, is not affected.
According to this study center, the EU represents 61% of Russian hydrocarbon sales, equivalent to 57,000 million euros in the first 100 days of the war.
By country, the largest importers were China with 12.6 billion, Germany with 12.1 billion and Italy with 7.8 billion.
Russia's main income comes from the sale of crude oil (46,000 million) followed by gas sent by gas pipelines (24,000 million) and finally oil derivatives, liquefied natural gas and coal.
Although exports fell in May and Russia was forced to sell at discounted prices on international markets, the country benefited from rising global energy prices.
The report highlighted that some countries such as Poland, Finland and the Baltic States made efforts to reduce their imports while others such as China, the United Arab Emirates and France increased their purchases.