The powerful leader of the ruling Polish Law and Justice (PiS) party, Jarosław Kaczyński, has announced that he will shortly be leaving the cabinet and his post as deputy prime minister, through government spokesman Michał Dworczyk. Kaczyński, prime minister from 2006 to 2007 and the twin brother of former president Lech Kaczyński, took over as deputy prime minister in Mateusz Morawiecki's government in 2020, to ensure the party's old guard remained in charge. His charisma and authority have been facilitating decision-making and avoiding conflicts between the Morawiecki factions and Justice Minister Zbigniew Ziobro.
His advanced age and delicate state of health are the reason why his family has spent years trying to convince Kaczyński to leave politics.
He had promised his children that he would do so on his 73rd birthday, which will happen on June 18. "It seems that this moment is coming," Dworczyk has advanced to Radio Zet, which also advances that the official decision will probably be announced in a few days. As head of the government's National Defense and Security Committee, Kaczyński "has been fundamental in recent months," said Dworczyk, referring to the migration crisis on the border with Belarus and the invasion of Ukraine, and that he will regret that the consequence of Kaczyński's resignation "is a breakthrough in these fields".
"As a leader of our political field, he has also been very involved in all kinds of situations," adds Dworczyk to his profile, recalling that Kaczyński "helped different environments within a political field to find a common language." "I regret that the departure of Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński has resulted in a certain lack in this area," he has hurt, suggesting that the Polish conservative party now runs the risk of being divided into different sections that will compete for the leadership.
Since 2015, he has been governing Poland in the shadows, neither as president nor as prime minister. The tragic death of his brother Lech in 2010, in the Smolensk plane crash, in which a large part of the government and officials of the Polish State who came to pay tribute to Polish victims of World War II died, assumed his part of the leadership as well inherited and continued alone with a political path that the twins had shared since the Committee for the Defense of Workers created in 1976, of which they were never members but which they supported during the years of University. Jarosław was passionate about history while Lech became a professor of Labor Law at the University of Gdansk.
After the first elections in modern Poland, a victory for the Solidarity union and which brought Tadeusz Mazowiecki to power, the brothers distanced themselves from the great figures of the old democratic opposition such as Mazowiecki, Gemerek or Kurón and supported Lech Wasesa, who would be elected president in 1990. They were then 41 years old and his two closest collaborators, but they soon began to work with their own political agenda and were fired, so they went into opposition, defending a “peripheral Poland” against liberal urban elites and with a radical and little conciliatory discourse with the former leaders of the Polish communist regime. They would only return to power in 1997, with the government of Jerzy Buzek.
Jarosław returned to parliament and Lech was appointed Minister of Justice, from where he began a campaign against corruption that showed its electoral results in the 2005 elections, where his party, already the PiS, was the most voted. Jarosław rejected the position of prime minister alleging that he could harm Lech's candidacy for the Presidency a month later, which would finally appoint him as minister of his cabinet. From this platform they started their program, based on the doctrine of "impossibility", according to which Poland was unable to move forward, paralyzed by too many regulations and institutions imposed by the rule of law. For effective governance, they wanted to weaken the legislative and judicial branches to the benefit of the executive. In 2015, after the loss of his wife and brother, involved in a spiral of losing votes, he understood that he could only govern in the shadow of someone more popular, he presented a young and unknown lawyer, Andrzej Duda, to succeed the president Komorowski outgoing. And it worked.