The number of hot days in Germany with an air temperature of at least 30 degrees has increased significantly in recent decades. Averaged across Germany, it has tripled since the 1950s from around three days per year to the current average of nine days per year, according to a paper on the state of the art that is to be presented on Wednesday at the Extreme Weather Congress in Hamburg.
The average number of ice days (daily maximum air temperature below 0 degrees) decreased from 28 days to 19 days in the same period.
"This effect is a consequence of global warming and the resulting significant rise in temperature in Germany," write the scientists in the paper published by the congress and the German Weather Service. "If greenhouse gas emissions remain unchecked, a further increase of five to ten hot days per year in northern Germany and ten to twenty hot days in southern Germany is expected for the period 2031 to 2060."
The extreme weather congress takes place Wednesday to Friday in the International Maritime Museum in the Hanseatic city. Around 100 scientists and experts will present the latest findings, as organizer and meteorologist Frank Böttcher announced. Federal Environment Minister Steffi Lemke (Green Party), expedition researcher Arved Fuchs and Fridays for Future activist Luisa Neubauer are also expected.