Transportasi di New
York sangat efisien dan memudahkan kita untuk mengunjungi hampir semua
lokasi di New York City. Kita bisa bepergian dengan mobil pribadi maupun
taksi, baik taksi hitam maupun taksi kuning (yang sering kita lihat di
film-film Hollywood). Namun yang paling 'harus' dirasakan saat di kota New
York adalah subway-nya atau kereta bawah tanah. Subway New York City sudah
merupakan trade-mark transportasi New York dan terkenal ke seantero
Amerika. di bawah ini, anda bisa menemukan peta rute subway dan rute
bus-bus di kota New York.
Sebuah angkutan cepat, kereta bawah tanah, subway adalah sebuah sistem transportasi rel yang biasa dibangun di perkotaan, yang umumnya berkapasitas dan berfrekuensi besar, menggunakan kereta besar dan terpisah seluruh atau hampir seluruhnya dengan jenis lalu lintas lainnya. Subway sendiri sangat sering dijumpai di negara-negara maju, yang mana sebagian besar penduduknya menggunakan subway sebagian alat transportasi utama mereka. Subway dapat mengangkut penumpang dalam jumlah yang banyak dan dapat mengangkut penumpang cepat sampai tujuan.
transit is overwhelmingly the dominant form of travel for New Yorkers.
About one in every three users of mass transit in the United States and
two-thirds of the nation's rail riders live in New York and its suburbs.
This is in contrast to the rest of the country, where about 90% of
commuters drive automobiles to their workplace. New York is the only city
in the United States where more than half of all
households do not own a car (in Manhattan, more than 75% of residents
do not own a car; nationally, the percentage is 8%).
The New York City Subway is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by the number of stations in operation, with 468. It is the fourth-largest when measured by annual ridership (1.4 billion passenger trips in 2005). New York's subway is also remarkable because nearly all of the system remains open 24 hours per day (though in some cases with significant differences in routings from the daytime network), in contrast to the overnight shutdown common to systems in most cities, including London, Paris, Washington, D.C., and Tokyo. The transportation system in New York City is extensive and complex. It includes the longest suspension bridge in North America, the world's first mechanically ventilated vehicular tunnel, more than 12,000 yellow cabs and an aerial tramway that transports commuters between Roosevelt Island and Manhattan.
New York City's public bus fleet and commuter rail network are the largest in North America. The rail network, which connects the suburbs in the tri-state region to the city, has more than 250 stations and 20 rail lines. The commuter rail system converges at the two busiest rail stations in the United States, Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station.
New York City is the top international air passenger gateway to the United States. The area is served by three major airports, John F. Kennedy International, Newark Liberty International and LaGuardia, with plans for a fourth airport, Stewart International Airport near Newburgh, NY, to be taken over and enlarged by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (which administers the other three airports), as a "reliever" airport to help cope with increasing passenger volume. 100 million travelers used the three airports in 2005 and the city's airspace is the busiest in the nation. Outbound international travel from JFK and Newark accounted for about a quarter of all U.S. travelers who went overseas in 2004.
New York's high rate of public transit use, 120,000 daily cyclists and many pedestrian commuters makes it the most energy-efficient major city in the United States. Walk and bicycle modes of travel account for 21% of all modes for trips in the city; nationally the rate for metro regions is about 8%.
To complement New York's vast mass transit network, the city also has an extensive web of expressways and parkways, that link New York City to northern New Jersey, Westchester County, Long Island, and southwest Connecticut through various bridges and tunnels. Because these highways serve millions of suburban residents who commute into New York, it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic jams that are a daily occurrence, particularly during rush hour. The George Washington Bridge is considered one of the world's busiest bridges in terms of vehicle traffic.
Despite New York's reliance on public transit, roads are a defining feature of the city. Manhattan's street grid plan greatly influenced the city's physical development. Several of the city's streets and avenues, like Broadway, Wall Street and Madison Avenue are also used as shorthand in the American vernacular for national industries located there; those being the theater, finance, and advertising organizations, respectively.